Anatomy 101: From Muscles and Bones to Organs and Systems, by Kevin Langford

By Kevin Langford

An all-in-one consultant to the human physique!

Anatomy 101 deals an exhilarating check out the interior workings of the human physique. Too usually, textbooks flip the interesting structures, strategies, and figures of anatomy into tedious discourse that even Leonardo Da Vinci may reject. This easy-to-read consultant cuts out the dull information, and as a substitute, provide you with a compelling lesson in anatomy.

Covering each point of anatomical improvement and body structure, every one bankruptcy info different components of the human physique, how structures are shaped, and problems which could disrupt physically capabilities. You'll resolve the mysteries of anatomy with exact, available components like:

• exact charts of every process within the body
• Illustrations of move sections
• certain profiles of the main influential figures in clinical history

From phone chemistry to the respiration approach, Anatomy 101 is choked with thousands of wonderful proof that you simply can't get wherever else!

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Extra info for Anatomy 101: From Muscles and Bones to Organs and Systems, Your Guide to How the Human Body Works (Adams 101)

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Ciliated cells line the respiratory tract and are used to move mucus and debris away from the lungs. q 6/21/03 1:05 PM Page 58 58 CELLS, TISSUES, AND SKIN by cigarette smoke, which explains why regular smokers have a chronic cough. Flagella are considerably longer than cilia and display an undulating wavelike motion. The only example of a flagellated cell in the human body is sperm. CONNECTIONS The cellular material located outside the nucleus and inside the plasma membrane is called the cytoplasm.

Q 6/21/03 1:02 PM Page 36 36 CELLS, TISSUES, AND SKIN in response to appropriate chemical or electrical signals. Although the sizes of channel pores vary, they are typically on the order of nanometers in diameter. Channel pores also tend to be very selective as to what they will allow to pass through. Most channels are primarily permeable to a specific ion, such as to sodium, potassium, calcium, or chloride. Certain molecules, such as glucose, amino acids, and urea, are too polar to dissolve in the lipid bilayer and they also are too large to pass through channels.

Cigarette smoke and ultraviolet radiation create additional free radicals. Because free radicals lack electrons in their outer shell, they have a powerful ability to oxidize. Oxidation refers to the process by which an atom or molecule loses one or more electrons to another atom or molecule, such as to a free radical, thereby disrupting both its structure and ability to function. Oxidation, for instance, is what causes metal to rust. Consequently, excess amount of free radicals can alter essential molecules, such as DNA and enzymes, thereby affecting overall health.

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