An Introduction to Aquatic Toxicology by Mikko Nikinmaa

By Mikko Nikinmaa

An advent to Aquatic Toxicology is an introductory reference for all facets of toxicology touching on aquatic environments. As water resources shrink, the necessity to comprehend the results that contaminants could have on aquatic organisms and ecosystems raises in value. This booklet gives you an effective knowing of aquatic toxicology, its previous, its state-of-the-art current and its most likely future.

An creation to Aquatic Toxicologywill introduce you to the worldwide factor of aquatic infection, detailing the foremost resources of infection, from the place they originate, and their results on aquatic organisms and their setting. cutting-edge toxicological subject matters lined contain nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, bioinformatics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, in addition to water administration and the toxicological results of significant environmental matters comparable to algal blooms, weather switch and ocean acidification.

This ebook is meant for an individual who desires to comprehend extra in regards to the effect of toxicants on aquatic organisms and ecosystems, or to maintain up to now with fresh and destiny advancements within the field.

  • Provides with the newest views at the affects of toxicants on aquatic environments, reminiscent of nanotoxicology, toxicogenomics, ocean acidification and eutrophication
  • Offers an entire evaluate, starting with the origins of aquatic toxicology and concluding with capability destiny challenges
  • Includes counsel on checking out equipment and a thesaurus of aquatic toxicology terms.

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2009. Persistent Organic Pollutants. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ. , 2013. Biomagnification of mercury in aquatic food webs: A worldwide meta-analysis. Environ. Sci. Technol. 1021/es403103t. , 1999. The Management of Cyanide in Gold Extraction. International Council on Metals and the Environment, Ottawa, Ontario. , 2013. Trace Metals in Aquatic Systems. Wiley-Blackwell, Hoboken, NJ. , 2012. Toxicity of carbon nanotubes to freshwater aquatic invertebrates. Environ. Toxicol. Chem. 31, 1823–1830.

Such sludge is either used as landfill or incinerated in hazardous-waste facilities. , 2002. Third Century of Biochemical Oxygen Demand. Water Environment Federation, ­Alexandria, VA. , 2013. Detection and fate of antibiotic resistant bacteria in wastewater treatment plants: A review. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf. 91, 1–9. -M. ), 2007. Fundamentals of Biological Wastewater Treatment. Wiley-WCH, Weinheim, Germany. , 1972. Wastewater treatment: Physical and chemical methods. J. Water Pollut. Control Fed.

Excess fertilizer use is also not beneficial, as the fertilizer that is not used up by the cultivated plants ends up in the aquatic environment after leaching. Besides agricultural fertilizer and pesticide runoff, a much-debated source of aquatic, especially groundwater, contamination is salting of roads in areas where freezing occurs. The increased salinity of water has been observed to cause effects on tadpoles and groundwater organisms. Aquaculture generates a significant source of fertilizing compounds, as fish feeds are not utilized to 100% and as the feces of fish contain fertilizing compounds.

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