American Language Supplement 1 by H. L. Mencken

By H. L. Mencken

Maybe the 1st really vital e-book concerning the divergence of yank English from its British roots, this survey of the language because it used to be spoken-and because it used to be changing-at the start of the 20 th century comes through certainly one of its such a lot inveterate watchers, journalist, critic, and editor HENRY LOUIS MENCKEN (1880-1956).In this copy of the 1921 "revised and enlarged" moment variation, Mencken turns his prepared ear on:

• the final personality of yankee English
• loan-words and non-English influences
• expletives and forbidden words
• American slang
• the way forward for the language
• and lots more and plenty, a lot more.

Anyone desirous about phrases will locate this a completely enchanting examine the main changeable language at the face of the planet.

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Summarizes the distribution. Since it is the choice of clause-typing element that correlates with distribution in matrix vs. embedded environments, these are the elements that look much like that in English—their distributional effect is consistent with putting them in C . . Left-edge clause-typing proclitic determines distribution of clause. kâic ê∅ Matrix Embedded ✗ ✗ ✓ ✗ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ () [CP [C ê-/kâ-/ic [IP . .  Pronominal proclitics are incompatible with clause-typing proclitics In the last section we saw that the left-edge proclitics in the conjunct order have the properties of complementizers.

Where did you find it? () a. CP ✟❍ ❍ ✟ ✟✟ spec,CP whati b. ❍❍ ✟❍ ❍❍ ✟✟  C IP ✏€ €€ ✏✏ €€ ✏ did ✏ you do ti yesterday CP ❍❍ ✟ ❍ ✟✟ ✟❍ spec,CP ✟✟ ❍❍  C IP ✏€€ wherei ✏ ✏ € did you find it ti One of the reasons for placing English wh-words in the specifier position is that substituting what for who will change the question that is being asked, but it does not change the fact that the clause is a wh-clause with wh-syntax. By contrast, the element in C is invariant: it is always an auxiliary moved from I .

A. ê-minôsit ê- minôs -i -t c- cat -epen - ‘. . ’ b. [CP [C ê- [Agr minôs [Agr  -t ]]]] With respect to selection, the clause-typing proclitics exhibit behaviour that is quite distinct from the behaviour of the pronominal proclitics: the former behave like heads, the latter do not. e. the complementizer) should. For example, in English several wh-words are posited to move to spec, CP (Ross, a; Huang, ; Richards, ): () a. What did you do yesterday? b. Where did you find it?

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