By Ke Lu, Lidong Chen, Tianbai He, Qing Yan
As one of many eighteen field-specific experiences comprising the great scope of the strategic common document of the chinese language Academy of Sciences, this sub-report addresses long-range making plans for constructing technology and know-how within the box of complex fabrics technological know-how. They every one craft a roadmap for his or her sphere of improvement to 2050. of their entirety, the overall and sub-group stories research the evolution and legislation governing the improvement of technology and expertise, describe the decisive effect of technological know-how and expertise at the modernization procedure, expect that the realm is at the eve of an coming near near S&T revolution, and speak to for China to be absolutely ready for this new around of S&T development. in response to the distinctive research of the calls for on S&T innovation in China's modernization, the experiences draw a framework for 8 simple and strategic platforms of socio-economic improvement with the aid of technology and expertise, figure out China's S&T roadmaps for the suitable 8 uncomplicated and strategic platforms in keeping with China's truth, additional element S&T projects of strategic value to China's modernization, and supply S&T decision-makers with finished consultations for the advance of S&T innovation in step with China's truth. Supported by way of illustrations and tables of information, the stories offer researchers, govt officers and marketers with tips pertaining to learn instructions, the making plans strategy, and funding.
Founded in 1949, the chinese language Academy of Sciences is the nation's maximum educational establishment in typical sciences. Its significant duties are to behavior examine in uncomplicated and technological sciences, to adopt national built-in surveys on common assets and ecological setting, to supply the rustic with clinical information and consultations for government's decision-making, to adopt government-assigned tasks in regards to key S&T difficulties within the means of socio-economic improvement, to begin team of workers education, and to advertise China's high-tech organisations via its energetic engagement in those areas.
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Extra resources for Advanced Materials Science & Technology in China: A Roadmap to 2050
At present, large transport aircraft have been included in the national plan. The requirements point to aircraft body materials such as high-strength aluminum alloys, engine materials such as superalloys, intermetallics and functional materials, which therefore pose a new task for the development of new materials and technology. The development of new materials may strengthen sustainable resource utilization and environmental protection, and achieve harmonious development involving humans and nature.
In order to meet the requirement of the national construction business, more than 30 million tons of high quality steels (equals to 10% of the domestic output) need to be imported every year. China also has the largest cement production in the world, but high-grade cement only accounts for 17% of the overall output. The consumption of coal by cement production accounts for 25% of the national coal yield, at the same time, the cement production brings massive dust pollution. In China, the main construction materials are solid bricks, and above 95% of new houses are built using high energy-consuming construction methods.
In recent years, the research level of metallic materials in the related institutes and universities enhanced step by step; the technology level and development ability in the key industries including steel metallurgy, nonferrous metallurgy, and metallic materials processing has advanced quickly. At the same time, the introduction, improvement and independent research and development of many types of large equipment including heavy hydraulic press, large rolling mills, large smelting equipment, and large precision machine tools has promoted the technological progress of metallic materials.