Accelerator Health Physics by H. Wade Patterson

By H. Wade Patterson

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Photons, neutrons) it is important to note that energy is deposited in two steps. Energy is transferred to charged particles, which then lose energy by Coulomb interactions. Another concept in dosimetry, which has recently appeared, is Kerma. Kerma is defined as the kinetic energy of charged particles released by the primary radiation per unit mass of the material. It is not a practical unit, for although Kerma can be calculated, no instrument has thus far been built to measure Kerma directly.

Fano, Penetration of Protons, Alpha Particles, and Mesons, A n n . Rev. Nucl. Sci. 13, 1 (1963). U. , Studies in Penetration of Charged Particles in Matter, Report # 3 9 , Nuclear Science Series Publication 1133, (National Academy of Sciences, National Research Council, Washington, 1964. W. S. , 1966 C E R N - L R L - R H E L Shielding Experiment at CERN Proton Synchrotron, Lawrence Radiation Laboratory report U C R L - 1 7 9 4 1 , Sept. 1968. H. Goldstein and J. E. Wilkins, Calculations of the Penetration of Gamma Rays, USAEC Report NYO-3075, 1954.

Sidwell and B. M. Wheatley, Br. J. Radiol. 42, 522 (1968). P. G. 01 to 500 MeV/amu in any Nongaseous Material, Lawrence Radiation Laboratory report UCRL-18127, May 1968. D. R. Stone and John H. Thorngate, The Development of a Spectrometer and the Measurement of the Neutron Spectrum from the Health Physics Research Reactor between 50 KeV and 450 KeV. Health Phys. 2/, 441 (1971). D. Theriot, Muon dE/dx and Range Tables, National Accelerator Report TM 229, March 1970. R. H. Thomas, Energy Loss of High Energy Muons, Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory internal document UCID-10010, July 1964.

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