A Cultural History of the English Language (The English by Gerry Knowles

By Gerry Knowles

This ebook provides a brand new interpretation of the background of English. entry to giant corpuses of English has allowed students to evaluate the trivialities of linguistic switch with a lot better precision than ahead of, frequently pinpointing the beginnings of linguistic options in position and time. the writer makes use of the findings from this study to narrate significant ancient occasions to alter within the language, specifically to components of linguistic inquiry which were of specific value lately, resembling discourse research, stylistics and paintings on pidgins and creoles. The publication doesn't try to chronicle adjustments in syntax or pronunciation and spelling, yet is designed to enrich a corpus-based learn of formal alterations. the tale of English is pointed out to the overdue Nineteen Nineties to incorporate, among different issues, discussions of Estuary English and the consequences of the data superhighway.

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By the early ninth century, the petty kingdoms had merged into four major ones. Northumbria extended from Edinburgh to the Humber, and across to the west coast. Mercia was bounded to the west by Offa's dyke, and to the east by the old kingdom of East Anglia, although for some of the time Mercia actually included East Anglia within its borders. To the north it was bounded by a line from the Mersey to the Humber, and to the south by a line from the Severn to the Thames. The old boundary of Mercia and Early English 23 Northumbria is still reflected in the name of the Mersey ('boundary river').

3. 'Littera is "letter" in English, and is the smallest part of books ("texts") and indivisible. ) 28 The origins of the English language would expect a text in Egyptian hieroglyphics to be simultaneously translated into English rather than read out in ancient Egyptian. The circumstances in which Latin was read out meant that simultaneous translation was a frequent requirement, and a Latin text could be read out in English, or indeed in Welsh. The language in which the text was written was thus independent of the language in which it was read aloud.

But in general, they had the similarities in grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation, and also the differences, that one would 34 English and Danish expect in languages which had renewehd intense contact after several generations of relative separation. There is some evidence in English dialects to suggest that contact was maintained with the homeland across the North Sea much as Americans later maintained contact across the Atlantic. New forms could have been brought to England by later Angle settlers (Kortlandt, 1986), or in the course of trade.

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