A Brief History of the Spanish Language by David A. Pharies

By David A. Pharies

Spanish is the fourth most generally spoken language on the earth and a language of ever-increasing value within the usa. In what's going to most likely turn into the creation to the historical past of the Spanish language, David Pharies truly and concisely charts the evolution of Spanish from its Indo-European roots to its current shape. An across the world famous specialist at the heritage and improvement of this language, Pharies brings to his topic an exact feel of what scholars of Spanish linguistics want to know. After introductory chapters on what it capacity to check the background of a language, the idea that of linguistic swap, and the character of language households, Pharies lines the advance of Spanish from its Latin roots, all with the minimal volume of technical language attainable. within the center sections of the booklet, readers are handled to a fascinating and remarkably succinct presentation of the family tree and improvement of the language, together with money owed of the constructions and peculiarities of Latin, the old and cultural occasions that deeply prompted the shaping of the language, the character of Medieval Spanish, the language myths that experience develop into connected to Spanish, and the advance of the language past the Iberian Peninsula, particularly within the Americas. targeting an important points of the language’s evolution, this compact paintings makes the heritage of Spanish available to someone with a data of Spanish and a readiness to know simple linguistic strategies. to be had in either English and Spanish variations, a quick historical past of the Spanish Language presents a very striking creation to the intriguing tale of 1 of the world’s nice languages.

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Second, since the invading forces arrive without women, it is to be expected that the children born from the inevitable mixed marriages will have learned Ibero-Romance at home with their mothers. Third, during the early centuries of their domination, the Muslims prove to be tolerant of their non-Muslim subjects, demanding only the payment of a personal tax. The existence of the jarchas (final strophes in Ibero-Romance appended to an Arabic poetic form called the moaxaja—see sidebar), shows that as late as the tenth century a variety of Romance is still being spoken in Muslim Iberia and that this language is considered appropriate in Arabic literary circles for the lyrical expression of feelings of love.

Unlike the others, they continue to inhabit the region today as a separate ethnic and cultural group. The language of the Basques (called, in Spanish, vasco, vascuence, or euskera) is of unknown affiliation, although it is certainly not Indo-European. Nowadays it is spoken in the Spanish autonomous regions of the Basque Country and Navarre and in the French department of Pyr´en´ees-Atlantiques. However, the presence of numerous toponyms of indisputable Basque origin in a wide area indicates that the Basque-speaking territory was formerly much larger.

The members of this family are Spanish, French, Italian, Portuguese, Galician, Catalan, Occitan, Romanian, Sardinian, and Romansch. world’ (as opposed to the barbarian world). Romance eventually becomes the designation of all languages deriving from Latin. Occitan Galician Portuguese Italian Navarro-Aragonese Canary Island Spanish Andalusian Castilian Proto-Hispano-Romance American Spanish Astur-Leonese Eastern Proto-Romance Catalan Proto-Catalan Sicilian Romanian Proto-Romanian Oscan-Umbrian written (classical) Latin Faliscan Latin-Faliscan Proto-Italic Proto-Indo-European Proto-Italo-Romance (north) Proto-Italo-Romance (south) Proto-Ibero-Romance Mozarabic Romansch Proto-Rheto-Romance Proto-Galician-Portuguese French Proto-Gallo-Romance Western Proto-Romance spoken Latin Latin Genealogy of Spanish 28 c h a p t e r 2 Genealogy of Spanish Now that I have explained the key concepts of genetic linguistics (language families, cognates, and the comparative method) and have described the different branches of the Indo-European family (in particular the Italic branch with its Romance descendants), we are finally ready to consider the genealogy of Spanish.

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